Diabetes

Stephen Payne, MD -  - Family Medicine

Stephen Payne, MD

Family Medicine located in Williamstown, MA

More than one-third of Americans have diabetes but don’t know it. Unfortunately, high blood sugar can lead to other health conditions other than diabetes, like heart disease and stroke. Stephen Payne, MD founded his family practice in Williamstown, Massachusetts to provide personalized and attentive medical care to people of all ages. To learn how to manage your diabetes and improve your overall health, call Dr. Payne or schedule a visit online today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease associated with high blood sugar. Blood sugar comes from the food you eat and gives your body energy. Insulin, a hormone produced in your pancreas, regulates blood sugar.

When you have diabetes, your body either can’t use its insulin effectively or produces too much, leading to high blood sugar levels. When your blood sugar is high for an extended period, it can lead to serious health complications.

Are there different types of diabetes?

There are several types of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

If you have Type 1 diabetes, infection, illness, or disease prevents your pancreas from making insulin. Typically seen in children, Type 1 is often genetic and requires daily insulin injections.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 makes up 90-95% of all diagnosed diabetes cases. Typically seen in middle-aged or older men and women, Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by obesity. Other factors that increase your risk include race and a sedentary lifestyle.

Gestational diabetes

This form of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and resolves after childbirth. If you’ve had gestational diabetes, however, your risk of having Type 2 diabetes in later years increases.

What is prediabetes?

If Dr. Payne diagnoses you with prediabetes, it means your blood sugar is higher than normal, and you’re at an increased risk for Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Prediabetes is a reversible condition. To manage this condition, Dr. Payne might recommend lifestyle modifications, including exercise and dietary changes, as well as medication.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Diabetes usually has no symptoms. If they’re present, they’re typically the same as Type 1 and 2, though Type 1 symptoms are usually more severe and occur suddenly.

Common diabetes symptoms include:

  • Hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Itchy skin and dry mouth
  • Increased urination and thirst
  • Numbness or pain in your lower limbs

If you have high blood sugar, you’re also more prone to yeast infections and take longer to heal from injuries.

How is diabetes diagnosed and treated?

Dr. Payne diagnoses diabetes through a comprehensive medical exam that includes your family history and blood glucose testing.

To manage your condition, Dr. Payne develops a personalized approach that might include insulin medications, lifestyle modifications, weight-loss strategies, and additional blood sugar screenings.

Call Stephen Payne, MD or schedule an appointment online today to learn more about diabetes and prediabetes care.